10 Ways To Prevent Home & Business Flooding
Follow These Steps to Prevent Home or Business Flooding
1. Avoid Building in a Flood Zone or Flood Plain
The easiest way to keep water out of your home is to avoid building or living in a flood plain. These areas are prone to flooding, flood yearly, and are generally in low areas where water accumulates frequently. If you do decide to live in a flood zone, consider a raised home and keep important outdoor structures off the ground.
2. Keep Drains and Ditches Debris Free
Avoid piling leaves, mulch, or other debris in your yard where it could flush into the sewage drains or block natural drainage paths. If you live near lots of trees, regularly rake your yard, bag the leaves, and set them at the curb for pick up. Check nearby storm drains to make sure they are clear and use a rake to remove any visible blockage. Contact your city or county water or sewer department for more severe blockages.
3. Keep Sandbags Close
Sandbags can prevent water from entering doorways from the outside of the home. If you are in an area that commonly floods, keep these handy for emergencies. Sometimes the fire department will have them as well.
4. Regularly Check and Cleanout Downspouts and Gutters
Check and clean the gutters on your roof at least twice a year (more if you live in a heavily wooded area). Inspect your gutters for leaks or damage, as these could cause a flat roof to flood.
5. Improve Grading and Drainage Around Your Home
If water commonly accumulates close to your home, closely analyze the ground around the foundation of your home. The ground should slope away from your house in all directions, dropping at least 2-to-4 inches, every 10-feet. If this isn't the case, you'll need to improve the grading using topsoil and sod or grass. In some cases, you may need to install a drain(s) where lots of water accumulates to give the water a place to go during heavy rains.
6. Consider Building and Landscaping Implications
When building or landscaping, think about whether the changes will have an impact during heavy rains or storms. When adding a back patio, for instance, consider a slight grade in the concrete and the accompanying land that will make stormwater drain away from instead of towards your home.
7. Inspect Home Drains
If the sewage drains in your home do not have one-way valves, consider installing them. If flooding causes problems or backups with sewage, you do NOT want it to be knee-high in your home. One way valves can help prevent sewage back up by enabling you to turn them off.
8. Consider Water Resistant Doors and Windows
Considering Installing water-resistant doors and window frames for low windows or where water is likely to accumulate. These won't prevent all water from entering your home but are a good start to keeping it out.
9. Flood Skirts and Barriers
Consider attaching flood skirts or barriers to windows and doors and around air bricks. These will help to keep water out of your home.
10. Seal Openings
Seal openings, such as doors, windows, utility, and exhaust penetrations. There are products, such as vent sealing kits and quick dam flood gates that can fit over and stop water from coming through doors and windows.
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